General Information


Additional Information About Your Dental Health

Classification of Periodontal Disease


Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontitis. The toxins in plaque can often lead to periodontal disease. Gingivitis is easily reversible using proper home care techniques and professional routine cleanings.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

Chronic Periodontal disease is the most common form of the disease and occurs much more frequently in people over 45. Chronic periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the gingival and bone tissue. The gums are gradually recessing. Unlike gingivitis, chronic periodontal disease cannot be completely cured because the supportive tissue cannot be rebuilt. However, the dentist can halt the progression of the disease with scaling and root planing and ant-microbial treatments. If necessary, a referral to the Periodontist may be required.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachments and the rapid loss of bone tissue. The disease itself is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis but the progression is much faster.

Periodontal Scaling and Root Planing

The objective of scaling and root planing is to remove the buildup of plaque and tartar, which cause inflammation to the gingival (gum) tissue and surrounding bone.

Reasons for Scaling and Root Planing

Diseases Prevention – The oral bacteria, which cause periodontal infections, can travel via the bloodstream to other parts of the body. Research has demonstrated an association between periodontal bacteria and other systemic dseases, such as diabetes, heart disease and respiratory diseases.

Tooth Protection- When gum pockets exceed 3mm in depth, there is a greater risk of periodontal disease. As pockets deepen, they tend to house more colonies of dangerous bacteria. Eventually, a chronic inflammatory response begins to destroy gingival and bone tissue.

Aesthetic Effects – Scaling and root planing help remove tartar and plaque from the teeth and below the gum line. As an added bonus, superficial stains are removed in the process of the scaling and root planing procedure.

Better Breath – One of the most common signs of periodontal disease is halitosis (bad breath) which can be alleviated by root planing and scaling.

What do Scaling and Root Planing Treatments involve?

Scaling – The procedure is usually performed with special dental hand and ultrasonic instruments. Scaling removes calculus and plaque from the crown and root surfaces. In many cases irrigation is utilized and an antimicrobial agent is inserted below the gums to help reduce the bacteria.

Root Planing – This procedure specifically smooths the root surface in order to promote good healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces prevents bacteria from colonizing in the future.